All about fermentation!

Pompey Chakravarty

What is fermentation?
Fermentation is nothing but the natural process through which microorganisms like yeast and bacteria convert carbs — such as starch and sugar — into alcohol or acids, and it is this acid/alcohol that gives fermented food/drinks its distinct taste.

Some very common examples of fermented food that we consume in our country on a day to day basis are dahi,idli,dosa,chaas/lassi, chutney, pao just to name a few. Although it's a much-growing trend to have some form of fermented food in your daily diet, the question is, is it a necessity?? How does it impact our health?

The answer to the above question is YES. Yes, maybe not a necessity but a definite sensible health choice to make. 

What about the impact on our health?? 
At some point or the other, we have all heard of the word probiotic. Probiotic is a beneficial bacteria and fermentation promotes the growth of this bacteria, which in turn improves our digestive health by creating a favourable gut environment, and also boosts immunity.

It is even claimed that consumption of dahi reduces the risks of type 2 diabetes, while fermented milk reduces muscle soreness! 

Including fermented foods in your daily diet could also reduce problems like bloating, gas or constipation. Furthermore, fermentation helps break down nutrients in food, making them easier to digest than their unfermented counterparts!! 

It is said, although not proven, that fermented food in your diet also aids in weight loss and reducing belly fat, apart from lowering the risk of heart disease as well. 

There are numerous benefits to fermented foods, better health is just one. The other very common use of fermentation is the preservation of food. Fermentation as a food preservation method has a very long history, perhaps as long as 12,000 years.

The most common example that one can think of is pickling!

So, by now if you are convinced to include fermented food in your daily diet here is a list of some very easy and common food types to start with. 

  • Dosa

  • Idlis

  • Appams

  • Dahi

  • Lassi

  • Pao

  • Kanji

  • Dhokla

Maybe if you are feeling ambitious and experimental enough try out the Jamun vinegar recipe too! It can be made at home with these 3 simple ingredients, and has numerous benefits like healthy kidneys, cures abdominal pain and gas, an antioxidant, useful in the management of spleen enlargement and liver diseases and many more.

  • 2 cups Jamun

  • 4 cups of water

  • 1 teaspoon brown or organic white sugar (optional)

And, if you did go ahead and try this recipe and have noticed significant health changes don't forget to drop us a line at and tell us about it!!

OR you could also checkout our Instagram highlights to get some more interesting trivias or recipes by our homechefs here